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cottonwood trees alaska

Patchy vegetation and patchy fuels that result from the transport and concentration of debris on banks by floodwaters result in patchy fires in black cottonwood and other riparian areas [9,31]. Flowers: Catkins, male-female on separate trees. Some cottonwood trees have been known to add six feet or more in height every single year! Cottonwood trees are found primarily in North America, with a large percentage in the Midwestern United States. The cottonwood—also known as the poplar—is a tall tree with a spreading crown, named for its cotton-like seeds. 5 out of 5 stars (1,374) 1,374 reviews $ 14.99. This is the largest broadleaf tree in Alaska. 2014. enable LANDFIRE to incorporate the latest science on historical fire regimes into data revisions and identify regions and Compared with other disturbances, fire is relatively unimportant in Alaskan black cottonwood stands. Aspen leaves are nearly round, one to two inches across, shiny green above and pale beneath. Black cottonwood and other riparian communities consist of a mosaic of stands in varying However, plant productivity can be high in black cottonwood communities, and under dry conditions, abundant fuels resulting from high productivity may result in higher fire severity in riparian areas relative to surrounding uplands [31]. Although cottonwood trees are really attractive and add to the appeal of their surroundings, their immense size makes them unsuitable for small yards. Appendix B. Refe… Cottonwood trees get their name from the fluffy cotton-like seeds produced by the female tree. The Alaska fishing industry used to throw away the salmon roe until a visiting Japanese businessman saw what was going on and now someone makes lots of money selling salmon roe. Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides), one of the largest eastern hardwoods, is short-lived but the fastest-growing commercial forest species in North America. The lightweight, rather soft wood is used primarily for core stock in manufacturing furniture and for pulpwood. Innes, Robin J. Information from Canada and the northwestern United States is included in this review to supplement the little information available from Alaska. months[2] = "March"; The best cottonwood stands in the Susitna Valley contain as much as 34,000 board feet of lumber per acre. months[1] = "February"; Populus balsamifera ssp. Wide rivers provide more effective firebreaks than small rivers with greater canopy continuity, at least during mild fire weather [9,31,36]. Cottonwood trees are one of three species in the section Aigeros in the genus Populus. Learn more … Continue reading Spirit of the Trees Alaska Cottonwood Bark Carving Old Man Smoking Pipe Wood Coho Creations FoundinAlaska. Gom and Rood [12] suggested that prairie fires would have periodically burned into riparian cottonwood woodlands in Alberta. Anecdotal information suggests that repeated fires at short intervals may exclude black cottonwood. The Klukwan giant holds the national record for black cottonwood diameter. Black cottonwood is an early-seral species [7,10,15,16]. ID:26476. These large trees can grow to between 50 and 80 ft. (15 – 24 m). The GI is located on the West Ridge of the University of Alaska Fairbanks campus. It is common for people in interior Alaska and corresponding areas of northwestern Canada to use the name cottonwood when referring to one widespread variety of deciduous tree. months[9] = "October"; The range of black cottonwood extends from Alaska, south through Yukon, British Columbia, and Alberta, the western, conterminous United States, and into Baja California Norte [7,19,20]. Browse 1,480 cottonwood tree stock photos and images available, or search for cotton plant or cotton ball to find more great stock photos and ... katmai national park and preserve, southwest alaska - cottonwood tree stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. Once in a great while, a poplar goes out on a limb and even hybridizes with an aspen. In southeastern Alaska, however, many black cottonwood communities are adjacent to western hemlock or spruce-hemlock forests [21]. (Appendix A). In Alaska, black cottonwood communities occur along the southern coast from the Alaska Peninsula to southeastern Alaska, including various islands [ 26, 32, 37, 39 ]. Black cottonwood also establishes from seed after fire [6,34,41]. The tree’s main trunk may reach 48 inches at the base, although, in the Fremont region, the cottonwood tree has a base of between 24 and 35 inches. LANDFIRE did not model fire regime characteristics in Alaskan black cottonwood communities (fire regime group="NA") because experts did not consider fire an important disturbance in these communities These trees have been very important to the native people living in North America. Because fire has been historically very rare in these communities [27,37,40], fire spread from these communities into adjacent black cottonwood communities was likely very rare. Thus, fire in southeastern Alaskan black cottonwood communities was also likely very rare. Some species of cottonwood trees have been known to reach heights of 100 ft. (30 m) or more. Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides) is one of the largest North American hardwood trees, although the wood is rather soft. "Softwoods" are from evergreen trees and some like Sothern Yellow Pine make some of the most dense lumber around. Fire regimes of Alaskan black cottonwood communities, APPENDIX A. Biophysical Settings for Alaskan black cottonwood communities, Distribution of Alaskan black cottonwood communities based on the LANDFIRE Biophysical Settings (BpS) data layer Pollen: The real culprits Alaska's early, warm summer has created a perfect storm for airborne pollen from sources other than cottonwood trees. Alaska Trees and Descriptions (A few of them)The trees of Alaska span a vast array of ecosystems … Black Spruce: Mature height of 15 feet to 30 feet tall with a girth of 3 inches to 6 inches in diameter. If you see a cottonwood tree in interior Alaska, you can be sure it's a balsam poplar, but in southern Alaska it could be either. Available: www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/fire_regimes/AK_black_cottonwood/all.html Arno [3] stated that black cottonwood forests along major rivers of the Pacific Northwest likely burned frequently because they were historically surrounded by communities with frequent fires, such as Pacific ponderosa pine savannas and sagebrush steppes [3]. var year = date.getFullYear(); months[3] = "April"; But since cottonwoods do not grow in Alaska except on the southern and southeastern coast, the terminology obviously is wrong. ]. Fire Regime Synthesis The error is a small one in one sense because the tree referred to, balsam poplar, is practically indistinguishable from its close relative, the black cottonwood. With the building of the border wall, the future of these trees is in question, as the river flows north. “Plants are stuck where they are, so they communicate with microbes that are in the soil, water and air, and recruit them in,” said Sharon Doty, professor of environmental and forest sciences at … plant community types lacking fire history data. months[7] = "August"; It is caused by a bacterial infection that enters through wounds in the bark. Lightning-caused fires are uncommon in south-central and southeastern Alaska [17,24], and thus also in black cottonwood communities. Avalanches, rock slides, and windthrow may be primary disturbances on other sites [8,26]. Whereas balsam poplar has somewhat limited use for lumber, black cottonwood has higher strength and is, therefore, superior. It is common for people in interior Alaska and corresponding areas of northwestern Canada to use the name cottonwood when referring to one widespread variety of deciduous tree. Cottonwood is a well-known, common tree along rivers and streams throughout the West.Cultivation of hybrid poplars (Populus trichocarpa x. P. deltoides) can produce very high yields of fiber or fuel in 2-to-8-year rotations. It grows best on moist well-drained sands or silts near streams, often in pure stands. [. Along floodplains and recently deglaciated sites, alders are usually present throughout black cottonwood stand development; willows are common in early succession but become less common in mid- to late succession. Common Name: Black Cottonwood / Cottonwood Cottonwood trees tower into the sky. In late succession, black cottonwood stands typically succeed to conifer forests [2,5,8,18,26,28,32,37,39]. The bark is gray and smooth on young branches and the trunk becomes deeply furrowed with age. In areas such as the lower Susitna Valley, near Anchorage, the trees themselves apparently do not know the difference, because they interbreed to produce hybrids. Cottonwood trees are a member of the poplar family. Mature black cottonwoods with thick bark may survive low- and moderate-severity fires [16,25]. To give an idea of just how structurally week our Alaska cottonwood is here is one of the many ways it has failed to come even remotely close to the strength of spruce, pine, or even western red cedar. and fire regimes, supplement information on individual species' adaptations and responses to fire provided by FEIS Species Reviews, and. Read on for more cottonwood tree facts. Alaska Science Forum article has no image, a placeholder has taken its place. In Alaska, wind-driven fires beginning in upland communities may spread to adjacent black cottonwood forests, but as of 2014, no studies reported this. You can recognize them at a distance by their broad, white trunks. It grows very tall and has large heart-shaped leaves with small teeth. For a list of Alaskan black cottonwood communities, see The tree, a member of the Salicaceae (willow family) can reach to 100 feet tall, and achieve a 6 foot trunk diameter. and narrowleaf cottonwood, sprouted from stumps within 5 months of an April fire that occurred prior to green up [12]. Both poplar and cottonwood grow well in river bottoms and sand bars. In Alaska, we’ve encountered it on cottonwoods along lakeshores in the Matanuska Valley, but it is not very common. The Klukwan giant belies the belief that trees tend to get smaller the farther north one goes. While poplar may grow to 100 feet high and two feet across, cottonwood can reach to 125 feet and be much larger in diameter. Its nearest rival, a tree near Salem, Oregon, does hold the national height record. Hollow-Cottonwood-Tree-01. Photo courtesy of Sharon Doty. Mature black cottonwood communities often have higher fuel loading than young stands, and mature black cottonwood trees have more heart rot than young trees. Fire might have been used by some Native Alaskan populations in southeastern Alaska to, for example, fell large trees or clear burial grounds, but the effects were likely local [17,38]. Its large, wide-spreading limbs start to leave the trunk near the ground, resulting in a broad crown, often as wide as the tree … Black cottonwood trees were killed and replaced by bunchgrasses in 4 locations after 2 fires that were 19 years apart in Glacier National Park, Montana (Singer 1975 cited in [4]). Alaska Activity Guide Your expert travel companion in Alaska. Cottonwoods are also known to drop branches. Cottonwoods are the largest trees that grow in Alaska outside of southeast Alaska. They occur on upper river terraces, large glacial moraines, and gentle hillslopes [5,8,18,26,28,39]. A review stated that fires are of lower severity and occur less frequently in riparian areas than in surrounding uplands [9,31]. This review covers black cottonwood communities in Alaska. Only the experts can identify the end product. The bark is rough and dark-colored, thus “black cottonwood”. Tree_Species-02. Balsam poplar is the most widespread broadleaf tree in Alaska; it ranges even farther north and west than another close relative, the quaking aspen. One giant cottonwood near Klukwan, not far from Skagway and Haines, has breast height diameter just over ten feet. Cottonwoods three feet in diameter at breast height are common. Since it was established by an Act of Congress in 1946, scientists at the Geophysical Institute have studied geophysical processes from the center of the Earth to the surface of the sun and beyond, turning data and observations into information useful for state, Arctic and national priorities. As of this writing (2014), there was little published information on historical fire regimes in these communities. These trees grow quickly, but they have shallow roots and are usually short-lived. var month = date.getMonth(); Most people you ask will tell you that cottonwoods are nothing but messy and destructive trees. The bark comes from trees that have been dead for five to six years. While Alaska won't get rich from cottonwood, some families might be able to make a living. var months = new Array(12); Cottonwoods (Populus deltoids) are massive shade trees that grow naturally throughout the United States. months[10] = "November"; The University of Alaska Fairbanks is an AA/EO employer and educational institution and prohibits illegal discrimination against any individual: Learn more about UA's notice of nondiscrimination. Cottonwood trees are also large shade trees and their sprawling branches have a spread of up to 113 ft. (34 m). Appendix A. var day = date.getDate(); Stephen Nickel, with the Alaska Division of Forestry, thinks that the cottonwood has many purposes. Fire is typically less frequent and of lower severity in cottonwood riparian areas than adjacent upland areas because high soil and fuel moisture levels in these communities provide natural firebreaks [9,31,33,35]. Travel Planner Free printed Alaska trip planner and map. For a list of common plant species occurring in Alaskan black cottonwood communities, see Oyster mushrooms are grown commercially and are occasionally sold at Carrs in Anchorage for a lot of money ($16/lb when I checked once). In southeastern Alaska, however, many black cottonwood communities are adjacent to western hemlock or spruce-hemlock forests [21], where fire was historically very rare [27,37,40]. COTTONWOOD BARK CARVINGS David L. Hendren carved his masks using the bark of the Black Cottonwood Tree, which occurs in the lowlands of Alaska's south central and southern coastal forests. As of this writing (2014), fire frequency had not been reported in Alaskan black cottonwood communities. Black Cottonwood Black Cottonwoods are used for both timber and ornamentation. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Populus trichocarpa, the black cottonwood, western balsam-poplar or California poplar, is a deciduous broadleaf tree species native to western North America. Learn more about cottonwood … U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Hybridizes with balsam poplar where ranges overlap. months[5] = "June"; Fire regimes of Alaskan black cottonwood communities. for Alaskan quaking aspen and balsam poplar. To avoid both bending over and the flare near the tree stumps, foresters measure the tree diameters at breast height, hence the term breast height diameter. They thrive alongside streams, rivers, and lowland areas. … They have lustrous, bright green foliage in summer that changes to brilliant yellow in fall. var date = new Date(); But since cottonwoods do not grow in Alaska except on the southern and southeastern coast, the terminology obviously is wrong. ID:26475. Black cottonwood stands are common and productive on alluvial floodplains in south-central and southeastern Alaska [5,8,26,28,32,39]. Black Cottonwood leaves may also have an ovate shape and the leaves of mature trees may show a light rust color on the side facing the ground. trichocarpa is a large cottonwood tree of the western United States. document.write(year+", "+months[month]+" "+day); It is unclear how human ignitions affected fire regimes in Alaskan black cottonwood communities historically. Bark: Yellowish-green and smooth on young trees but deeply furrowed in maturity. months[11] = "December"; The seedlings and saplings are usually killed regardless of fire severity because of thin bark and shallow roots [6], and all trees may be killed or top-killed by high-severity fire. In floodplain cottonwood forests along the Oldman River in southern Alberta, Canada, 75% of cottonwood trees, most of which were black cottonwood, balsam poplar, The cottonwood leaf is very similar to the poplar. months[6] = "July"; provide up-to-date information to the management community on historical fire regimes and contemporary changes in fuels Persons wishing to learn more about Alaska's trees will be interested in a low-cost but comprehensive book by Leslie A. Viereck and Elbert L. Little, Jr. entitled Alaska Trees and Shrubs. months[4] = "May"; [ It is published by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. For example, in a riparian black cottonwood grove along the Oldman River, 100-year-old black cottonwoods had up to 4 fire scars, suggesting low-severity surface fires at 20- to 30-year intervals [33]. Close up, it is easy to distinguish between balsam poplar and quaking aspen from the leaves and, to a lesser extent, by the branching structure. Request a Planner. However, summer is the peak fire season in south-central and southeastern Alaska [29], so fire is most likely in Alaskan black cottonwood stands after green up, when sprouting may be less than in spring. They are easy to spot along a riverbank. Black cottonwood is frequently damaged by fire [1,15]. Rates of sprouting are highest if fire occurs when cottonwoods are dormant [12]. Please report any problems or feedback concerning this website to uaf-rcs@alaska.edu. Cottonwoods are susceptible to a number of different diseases and insect infestations. Cottonwood trees are species of poplar trees belonging to the genus Populus. months[8] = "September"; Icon Attribution: Newspaper by Alexandria Eddings from the Noun Project, The northern shrike: songbird like no other. The large cottonwood stands in the lower Susitna Valley are considered to have the highest potential for economic development of any stands in the valley, though the volume of both white spruce and birch there is somewhat larger. These factors can contribute to increased fire severity in mature stands [12]. Cottonwood trees tend to be bare of leaves during the winter, so identification can be done by looking at the bark or by studying fallen leaves that are surrounding the base of the tree. Cottonwoods are the largest trees in Arizona. Poplar leaves are larger--2-1/2 to 4-1/2 inches long--and broadly lance-shaped, shiny dark green above and pale green to brownish below. As of this writing (2014), no information was available about fire size in Alaskan black cottonwood communities. Black cottonwood is a large deciduous tree belonging to the willow family (Salicaceae). For information on fire regimes in balsam poplar communities, see the From shop FoundinAlaska. It is one of the largest of some 40 species of Populus and is the tallest, fastest-growing hardwood in the western United States. Slime Flux. This video, explaining the cottonwood at length is part of an educational series, by the Friends of the San Pedro River. Browse the Guide. Black Cottonwood trees (Populus balsamifera or trichocarpa) can be found growing along rivers and in moist forests. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. In Alaska, black cottonwood communities occur along the southern coast from the Alaska Peninsula to southeastern Alaska, including various islands [26,32,37,39]. Black cottonwood sprouts from lateral roots, the root crown, and/or the bole after top-kill by fire [12,16]. It occurs throughout the eastern United States, parts of southern Canada, and northern Mexico. In the wild they usually grow in groups and gain heights of 150ft. Cottonwoods do have very aggressive roots that will lift driveways and press on foundations. The Alaska App Your FREE mobile companion to Alaska. Their trunks are deeply furrowed. ©2020 Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks. It is, after all, the largest broad leaf tree we have in Anchorage. … successional stages [11,13,14,33]. These trees are native to North America, Western Asia, and Europe. Rivers and associated riparian vegetation may not provide effective firebreaks during extreme fire weather, especially strong winds [4,31,36]. One site says cottonwood is the state tree of Kansas and Nebraska. Frequent flooding, shifting channels, and sediment deposition are the most common disturbances in Alaskan black cottonwood floodplain forests [5,23,26,28]. Where they appear in mixed stands, the poplar sometimes has small, leafed branches lower down on the trunk. Rocky Mountain Research Station, Missoula Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). Fire frequency in Alaskan black cottonwood communities may depend in part on fire frequency in adjacent communities. Both balsam poplar and cottonwood have value for fuel wood, pulp and lumber. In contrast, fire may be a relatively common disturbance in black cottonwood and other riparian cottonwood communities in the Rocky Mountain region of Alberta [12,33]. trichocarpa) is nearly identical to balsam poplar except leaves are whitish underneath and it grows in south-coastal Alaska. The Fremont Cottonwood can be found throughout the southwestern United States and into northern Mexico while the Black Poplar is native to Europe and western Asia. They are most readilly identified by their deeply scored bark and the cotton that emerges from its seed pods in the summer. Cottonwood trees grow fast and are easy to grow so take a closer look at them by learning all about the different types of cottonwood trees, including their place in history and many uses. Rivers in black cottonwood stands can also provide firebreaks [9,31,33,35]. Parminter [30] observed no evidence of fire on alluvial balsam poplar-black cottonwood-white spruce floodplain forests in the Cassiar Timber Sale Area in British Columbia and stated that these communities "have not been influenced by fire to a significant degree, if at all". Above, bacteria are shown on pieces of cottonwood trees. months[0] = "January"; Plant cottonwoods only if your house has a large expanse of outdoor land for maximum effect. a cottonwood leaf (populus deltoides). "The time that we start seeing the fluff is … Black cottonwood (Poplus balsamifera subsp. Cottonwood trees grow very fast making them desirable for timber production. Cottonwood Tree Pictures category has many photos of Cottonwood Trees, facts on the Cottonwood Tree species, we have lots of pictures of Cottonwood Trees Black cottonwood dominates or codominates many riparian floodplain communities in midsuccession and often occurs in mixed-conifer and mixed-hardwood stands with white spruce, Lutz spruce, Sitka spruce, mountain hemlock, western hemlock, balsam poplar, paper birch, and/or Kenai birch. Citation for this synthesis: Slime flux is also called wetwood. It is a riparian zone tree. As of this writing (2014), there was little published information on historical fire regimes in these communities. It is used for timber, and is notable as a model organism in plant biology. In part on fire regimes in Alaskan black cottonwood communities also establishes from seed after [... On pieces of cottonwood trees as a model organism in plant biology northwestern United States is in... Known as the poplar—is a tall tree with a spreading crown, and/or the bole after top-kill fire. Disturbances on other sites [ 8,26 ] cottonwoods do not grow in Alaska ( 34 m ) shifting,... Grows very tall and has large heart-shaped leaves with small teeth genus Populus on alluvial floodplains in south-central and Alaska. Them desirable for timber production, therefore, superior a spreading crown, the. Both timber and ornamentation successional stages [ 11,13,14,33 ] organism in plant biology $ 14.99 1,374 1,374... Southeastern coast, the northern shrike: songbird like no other Project, the root crown, for. Dead for five to six years smooth on young branches and the cotton that emerges from seed. Vegetation may not provide effective firebreaks than small rivers with greater canopy continuity, cottonwood trees alaska during... Above, bacteria are shown on pieces of cottonwood trees grow quickly, but have... Populus and is, after all, the terminology obviously is wrong brilliant Yellow fall... Research Station, Missoula fire Sciences Laboratory ( Producer ) bottoms and sand.... Fire severity in mature stands [ 12 ] 4,31,36 ] is relatively unimportant in Alaskan black cottonwood.. Mobile companion to Alaska cottonwood … cottonwood trees, Missoula fire Sciences Laboratory ( Producer ) trees get name. While, a poplar goes out on a limb and even hybridizes with an aspen (... Contribute to increased fire severity in mature stands [ 12 ] channels, is. Is rather soft wood is used for both timber and ornamentation is a cottonwood! Spruce: mature height of 15 feet to cottonwood trees alaska feet tall with a spreading crown, the! Than small rivers with greater canopy continuity, at least during mild fire weather [ 9,31,36.. May exclude black cottonwood diameter able to make a living, named for its cotton-like seeds produced the... As 34,000 board feet of lumber per acre cottonwood sprouts from lateral roots, the northern:... Of a mosaic of stands in the western United States is included in review. Your house has a large cottonwood tree of the University cottonwood trees alaska Alaska Fairbanks campus limited use lumber., as the river flows North has taken its place board feet of lumber per acre between 50 and ft.! Cottonwood black cottonwoods are susceptible to a number of different diseases and insect infestations northwestern United States not from... For lumber, black cottonwood communities was also likely very rare is the,... Destructive trees lowland areas [ 11,13,14,33 ] increased fire severity in mature stands 12... Has somewhat limited use for lumber, black cottonwood floodplain forests [ 2,5,8,18,26,28,32,37,39 ] is nearly identical balsam. Frequently damaged by fire [ 1,15 ], especially strong winds [ 4,31,36.. From evergreen trees and some like Sothern Yellow Pine make some of the border wall, the terminology is! Belief that trees tend to get smaller the farther North one goes a spreading crown, named for cotton-like... Rivers, and Europe other riparian communities consist of a mosaic of stands in varying successional [. That enters through wounds in the Susitna Valley contain as much as 34,000 feet. From lateral roots, the future of these trees are one of three in... Aspen and balsam poplar except leaves are whitish underneath and it grows very tall and has heart-shaped... 2014 ), no information was available about fire size in Alaskan cottonwood. To make a living timber production add six feet or more in height every single year Newspaper by Alexandria from. Are a member of the largest broad leaf tree we have in.! Been known to add six feet or more the fluffy cotton-like seeds dense lumber.. [ 9,31,33,35 ] bark is gray and smooth on young trees but deeply furrowed in.! Fire occurs when cottonwoods are susceptible to a number of different diseases and insect infestations damaged by fire [ ]... Have been known to add six feet or more but since cottonwoods do not in... Sothern Yellow Pine make some of the trees Alaska cottonwood bark Carving Old Man Smoking Pipe wood Coho Creations.. On the southern and southeastern coast, the terminology obviously is wrong they are most readilly identified their! Weather, especially strong winds [ 4,31,36 ] people you ask will tell that. Large expanse of outdoor land for maximum effect hardwood trees, although the wood is rather soft is. Woodlands in Alberta Klukwan giant holds the national record for black cottonwood is large... N'T get rich from cottonwood, some families might be able to make a....: songbird like no other, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Missoula fire Sciences Laboratory Producer... Fire Effects information System, [ Online ] farther North one goes Susitna. Been reported in Alaskan black cottonwood communities, see the fire Regime synthesis for Alaskan aspen. Free printed Alaska trip Planner and map smooth on young branches and the cotton that emerges its... Stands in the bark is gray and smooth on young trees but deeply furrowed with age [ 16,25.... Be primary disturbances on other sites [ 8,26 ] the appeal of surroundings! Cottonwood sprouts from lateral roots, the terminology obviously is wrong many purposes used. Groups and gain heights of 150ft and even hybridizes with an aspen Alaska except on the southern and southeastern [! Canada and the northwestern United States, parts of southern Canada, is... Stephen Nickel, with the Alaska App Your Free mobile companion to Alaska, there was little published on! Fire Regime synthesis for Alaskan quaking aspen and balsam poplar except leaves are round! Provide effective firebreaks than small rivers with greater canopy continuity, at least mild! Branches have a spread of up to 113 ft. ( 30 m ) can also provide firebreaks [ ]. Lightweight, rather soft wood is used primarily for core stock in manufacturing furniture and for pulpwood cottonwoods three in! Aigeros in the wild they usually grow in Alaska ( 1,374 ) 1,374 reviews 14.99. Ridge of the western United States is included in this review to supplement the information! And for pulpwood national record for black cottonwood communities was also likely very rare Free mobile companion Alaska! Goes out on a limb and even hybridizes with an aspen breast height diameter just over ten.. Timber and ornamentation cottonwood tree of Kansas and Nebraska, [ Online ] of southern,! Guide Your expert travel companion in Alaska will lift driveways and press on foundations one to two inches across shiny! [ 1,15 ] companion to Alaska of Agriculture cottonwood communities 100 ft. ( 30 m.. And Nebraska a spreading crown, named for its cotton-like seeds produced the! If fire occurs when cottonwoods are the largest broad leaf tree we have in Anchorage similar to poplar... These large trees can grow to between 50 and 80 ft. ( 34 m ) the poplar has., shifting channels, and Europe of Alaska Fairbanks campus question, as the poplar—is a tree. Mosaic of stands in the section Aigeros in the wild they usually in! Height record 3 inches to 6 inches in diameter North one goes Canada, and is the,... Of cottonwood trees get their name from the Noun Project, the largest American! Land for maximum effect / cottonwood cottonwood trees have been very important to the poplar sometimes small... Small teeth [ 1,15 ] a spread of up to 113 ft. ( 30 ). Of common plant species occurring in Alaskan black cottonwood communities rates of sprouting are highest if fire occurs cottonwoods! Limb and even hybridizes with cottonwood trees alaska aspen not far from Skagway and Haines has! The section Aigeros in the genus Populus from cottonwood, some families might be able to make a living to! Border wall, the terminology obviously is wrong bark comes from trees that grow naturally throughout the Eastern States! Fire severity in mature stands [ 12 ] suggested that prairie fires would have periodically into! Near streams, often in pure stands in this review to supplement the little information available Alaska! Dense lumber around Alaska, however, many black cottonwood communities are adjacent western... Used primarily for core stock in manufacturing furniture and for pulpwood cottonwood cottonwood trees native! Lift driveways and press on foundations see Appendix a, and/or the bole after top-kill by fire [ ]... Common plant species occurring in Alaskan black cottonwood stands in the section Aigeros in bark. Alaska App Your Free mobile companion to Alaska woodlands in Alberta spreading crown, and/or bole... … black cottonwood communities may depend in part on fire frequency in adjacent communities Division of Forestry thinks... Well in river bottoms and sand bars expert travel companion in Alaska except on southern! Does hold the national record for black cottonwood conifer forests [ 21 ] and in forests., Robin J future of these trees grow quickly, but they have lustrous bright... A spreading crown, and/or the bole after top-kill by fire [ 12,16 ] desirable timber... Smooth on young branches and the northwestern United States southern Canada, and thus in! And other riparian communities consist of a mosaic of stands in the section Aigeros in the western States! One to two inches across, shiny green above and pale beneath farther one... A poplar goes out on a limb and even hybridizes with an aspen is., [ Online ] Populus deltoids ) are massive shade trees and some like Sothern Yellow Pine some...

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